The Institute of Social Policy of the University of Warsaw
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Research

TransSOL - European paths to transnational solidarity at times of crisis: conditions, forms, role-models and policy response

Project period: 2015-2018

Website: www.transsol.eu

Researchers

  • Dr Maria Theiss (Principal Investigator)
  • Dr Anna Kurowska
  • Dr Janina Petelczyc

Funding institutions
Program Horizon 2020

Partners
Uniwersytet w Siegen (Niemcy) - koordynator projektu, Uniwersytet Genewski (Szwajcaria), Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques (Francja), Glasgow Caledonian University i University of Sheffield (Wielka Brytania), Uniwersytet Panepistimio Kritis (Grecja), University of Florence (Włochy), Uniwersytet Warszawski (Polska), University of Copenhagen (Dania).

Description
TransSOL is committed to the systematic, interdisciplinary and praxis-oriented analysis of European solidarity in times of crisis. It has three overarching objectives: (a) it will map and analyse solidarity in Europe by means of a cross-national database that comprises three surveys addressing the general population, organized civil society, and claims-making in the media; (b) it will gather systematic data on the contextual factors and engage into political and legal analyses to ascertain the influence of the socio-economic, political, and legal context on solidarity, in particular the impact of the crisis, the EU’s political responses and target-groups specific public policies; and (c) it will identify and develop best practices of transnational solidarity, draft evidence-based policy recommendations, and engage proactive dissemination and communication activities. The project comprises teams from Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Switzerland and the UK, including scientists from various disciplines and civil society practitioners, thus promising to deliver interdisciplinary and comparative analyses, knowledge-transfer and evidence-based, practicable recommendations.

LIVEWHAT: Living with hard times: citizen’s resilience in times of crisis

Project period: 2013-2016

Website: www.livewhat.unige.ch

Researchers

  • Dr Maria Theiss (Principal Investigator)
  • Dr Anna Kurowska
  • Dr Janina Petelczyc

Funding institutions
7th Framework Programme of the European Union

Partners
Universytet Genewski (Szwajcaria) – koordynator projektu, University of Florence (Włochy), Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques (Francja), Uniwersytet Panepistimio Kritis (Grecja), University of Sheffield (Wielka Brytania), Autonomous University of Barcelona – (Hiszpania), Uniwersytet w Siegen (Niemcy), Uniwersytet Warszawski (Polska), Uppsala Universitet (Szwecja)

Description
LIVEWHAT aims to provide evidence-based knowledge about citizens’ resilience in times of economic crises in nine European countries: France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
The project examines the ways in which European citizens have reacted to the crisis that, at different degrees of intensity in different countries, has struck Europe since 2008. Addition­ally, it aims to examine how they deal with economic crises and their conse­quences more generally.
The project studies both the indi­vidual and collective responses by citizens, the private and the public dimensions of such responses, and political and non-political responses. LIVEWHAT not only focuses on citi­zens’ responses but also sheds light on policy responses so as to have a baseline for assessing citizens’ resil­ience in times of crisis.

Third Sector Impact on Europe’s Socio-Economic Development

Project period: 2014-2017

Researchers

  • Dr hab. Prof. UW Ewa Leś (Principal Investigator)
  • Dr Bartosz Pieliński

Funding institutions
7th Framework Programme of the European Union

Partners
Vienna University of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb, University of Kent, The University of Birmingham, Johns Hopkins University, Radboud University Nijmegen, Associazione Promozione e Solidarietà, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Institute for Social Research (Norway), EMES International Research Network, The University of Valencia, Aix-Marseille University

Description
A first task in gaining a better understanding of the European third sector and its existing and potential contributions to European socio-economic development is to clarify the concept of the third sector in its European manifestations. Considering the enormous diversity of types of entities potentially embraced by this concept and the wide variety of terms used to depict it, this task is far from easy.

Joint influence of family and labour market policies on labor supply and fertility decisions of men and women

Project period: 2011-2015

Researchers

  • Dr Anna Kurowska (Principal Investigator)

Funding institutions
Foundation for polish science

Partners
Deutsche Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung w Berlinie (dr Katharina Wrohlich), Center for Economic Analysis - CenEA (dr Michał Myck), Instytut Statystyki i Demografii w Szkole Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie (Prof. dr hab. Irena E. Kotowska, dr Katarzyna Kocot-Górecka, mgr Ewelina Słotwińska-Rosłanowska)

Description
Main objectives of the project: A) Comprehensive analysis and assessment of the impact exerted by the various combinations of the family policy and labour market policy instruments on the labour supply as well as on fertility rates. B) Developing guidelines for an optimal policy of impact on employment growth with a simultaneous increase in the fertility rate, and specifying its implementation instruments. The project is of an interdisciplinary character, as the cooperation of experts from such areas as the social policy, economy/econometrics and demography makes it possible to integrate the knowledge and research methods applied in all these areas, design extensive research and interpret its results in a comprehensive manner.  The analysis of the policy impact on the labour supply are conducted mainly with the use of a tax-benefit microsimulation model for Poland, based on the household budget survey data.  

Social Rental Agencies as an instrument of housing policy in Poland

Project period: 2015-2017

Researchers

  • Dr hab. Prof. UW Ryszard Szarfenberg (Principal Investigator)
  • Dr Małgorzata Ołdak

Funding institutions
National Centre for Research and Development 

Partners
Habitat for Humanity, Uniwersytet Śląski

Description
The project addresses the problem of poverty housing affecting 15% of Polish society , and limitations and barriers to rental housing in the private sector. The long-term goal is the increase in the availability of housing and the improvement of housing standards of the poorest, by developing a model of Social Rental Agency by local authorities and NGOs. Social Rental Agencies (SAN) provide housing to people in need, qualified as
social tenants operating in the private rental market. The Agencies ensure regular payments of rent and proper use of the premises and provide the tenants with priority access to housing, housing benefits, as well as social support. The main objective is to incorporate SAN in the official set of tools used in the Polish social housing system through reserach and development of the formal and legal framework, identification of institutional and financial resources and advocacy among policy makers and the Polish society.

Social policy and ageing of the population of Poland– an analysis for the period 1971-2013.

Project period: 2014-2016

Researchers

  • Professor Doctor Habilitatus, Warsaw University, Barbara Szatur-Jaworska (Principal Investigator)

Funding institutions
National Science Centre

Description
The project aims to analyse social policy in relation to population ageing through an analysis of social and demographic data illustrating the ageing of the population of Poland and the change of the situation of elderly people in post-war period; query and an analysis of legal acts and political documents. This will provide the basis for preliminary proposals of evaluation indicators for policies related to population ageing.

Local social citizenship in social policy: the example of childcare and preschool education for children under the age of 5 years

Project period: 2012-2015

Researchers

  • Dr Maria Theiss (Principal Investigator)
  • Dr Anna Kurowska
  • Mgr Klaudia Wolniewicz 

Funding institutions
National Science Centre

Description
The project aims to analyze the local dimension of social citizenship at the example of childcare services. The goal of the project is to determine which characteristics of local social policy (meaning politics) - including links, cooperation and participation of citizens (governance) contribute to the specific nature of social citizenship at the local level, in particular – which of them enhance/strengthen its integrating role. The central research question boils down to: what are the causes and political mechanisms behind the potential political divisions and exclusions in the social citizenship realm?

The project is an attempt to use a category - a classic one used in the study of social policy, rarely used in Polish literature regarding the subject, including empirical studies - to respond to one of the main questions of social policy: whether and how the institutions of social policy in contemporary Poland can play an integrating role in society - not through redistributive actions but rather by a civil system of guarantees regarding equal status within thepolitical community. Simultaneously, the project intensifies the awareness of the role of the local level of social policy.

The project will bring tangible results in the form of the development of the theory of social policy. It willhelp understand the links between the local political process, social inequalities and the status of citizens withinsocial policy. Knowledge resulting from the project will fill a research gap on the Polish manifestations and determinants of social citizenship at the local level.

In search of labour market security. Migration to and form Poland and the attractiveness of the Polish labour market.

Project period: 2015-2017

Researchers

  • Dr hab. Maciej Duszczyk (Principal Investigator)
  • Prof. dr hab. Małgorzata Szylko-Skoczny
  • Dr hab. Prof. UW Cezary Żołędowski

Funding institutions
National Science Centre

Description
The main goal of the research is to obtain an answer to the question about the significance of the expected and actually obtained
security in the labour market when migration decisions are made. This will help contribute to the theory explaining employment
migration processes, particularly the push and pull theory, which describes the factors stimulating and hampering migration
processes. The research on factors influencing such decisions has so far focused mainly on analyses of differences in salaries,
demand from employers, and migration networks. Moreover the project will use: "new economics of migration" and the theory of "incomplete migration”.
We have adopted a hypothesis that the expected and actually obtained security in the labour market is an additional (next to the salary level and jobs supply) important factor influencing migration decisions. The role of security in the labour market increases along with the duration of stay in the receiving state and can be even decisive in a situation when migrants consider staying permanently in the receiving state. This would mean that attractiveness of a given labour market for migrants is determined also by issues related to legal protection of employment (mainly the rules governing taking of employment, legal framework of employment relationship, civil law contracts, preference for employment in grey economy etc.), and - first and foremost - real opportunities to obtain a new job after losing previous one. Such approach should also allow for attainment of an additional research goal consisting in contribution to the centre-periphery theory and providing an answer to the questions about the status of Polish labour market in Europe. We are assuming that the latter is peripheral for Poles taking employment in other states and is becoming a centre for employment immigrants, particularly those from Eastern Partnership states.

Work-family reconciliation in Poland from the capability approach perspective

Project period: 2015-2017

Researchers

  • Dr Anna Kurowska (Principal Investigator)
  • Dr Maria Theiss
  • Mgr Klaudyna Szczupak

Funding institutions
National Science Centre

Partners
Prof. Dr hab. I.E. Kotowska (SGH), Mgr Ewelina Słotwińska-Rosłanowska (SGH)

Description
The goal of this project is to explore the short-term impact of work-family reconciliation policy  reforms  in Poland, introduced between 2009-2013, from the capability approach perspective, i.e. to answer the following overriding question:
To what extent and how did the WFRP reforms in Poland, that were implemented between 2009 and 2013, influence the capabilities of the individuals, i.e their real ability to “choose a lifestyle that they have reason to value” (Sen 1999, s. 53), in the sphere of work-family life reconciliation?

The research is based on the triangulation of quantitative and qualitative research methods. We adopt a quasi-experimental approach (reflexive comparison) based on panel data from two waves (2010/2011 and 2013/2014) of the Generations and Gender Survey for Poland (GGS-PL) carried on a representative sample of 20 000 respondents (each wave). This survey is the only representative panel survey that encompasses questions on the topics researched in this project in Poland. The database will be enhanced with information (for each respondent) on the local level (gmina) relevant variables. We enrich the quantitative part with two different quantitative analyses: 1) analysis of the legal acts and the political discourse analysis, 2) in-depth interviewswith men and women at the stage of family formation and it’s development and 3) in-depth interviews with experts from such scientific disciplines demography, labour market and social policy.

Family policy in Poland and in Europe. Institutional models, factors behind. Fuzzy-sets configurational analysis.

Project period: 2012-2015

Researchers

  • Dr Dorota Szelewa (Principal Investigator)

Funding institutions
National Science Centre

Description
The goal of the project is to overcome the conceptual problems with applying the welfare state theories developed in the West to the post-communist context. The difficulties with adapting the existing analytical frames, as combined with the lack of unified and detailed database often results in omitting the countries of the East-and Central Europe in wide family policy comparisons. This comparative project including all the European Union countries (as well as Norway and Switzerland) aims to answer to this incompatibility problem. I am taking into account data characterising childcare and cash support systems for families with children from 2004–2012.
First, the results of this wide comparison should confirm the variety of family policy models that goes beyond the usual East/West division. Second, application of the fs/QCA method would allow for developing new analytical frames adjusted to the context of countries from various part of Europe. Third, a qualitative, deep analysis of the six countries representing different family policy models would allow to identify the political factors behind family policy reforms.

The system forstrengthening of the potential and competencies of social cooperatives and creation of network for cooperation with labour market institutions and social assistance and integration institutions.

Project period: 2014-2015

Researchers

  • Ołdak (Principal Investigator)
  • Professor Doctor Habilitatus, Warsaw University, Ryszard Szarfenberg
  • Tomasz Mering, Ph.D.

Funding institutions
European Social Found  

Partners

The Centre for Human Resources Development, the All-Poland Audit Union of Social Cooperatives, the Association for Social Cooperatives, the Social and Economic Initiatives Foundation

Description
Performance of the project will allow for improvement of the level of know-how about social cooperatives among employees of labour market institutions and social assistance and integration institutions, and secondly also among people at risk of social exclusion, among others through training related to a new standard of actions targeted at 3000 people – employees of the aforementioned institutions.

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e-mail: ips@uw.edu.pl

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